To fully fund its city pensions the City Council of Fort Lauderdale has voted to issue a $340 million pension bond. One problem with this plan is the city’s pension plans are underfunded to a far larger extent than the accounting recognizes. I calculate, using their 2011 CAFR, that while Fort Lauderdale’s two pension systems report an $388 million unfunded liability when using a risk-free discount rate, the total unfunded liability is closer to $1.7 billion.
In that year, both the General Employees’ plan and the Police and Fire Plan used a discount rate of 7.75 percent to calculate their liabilities. Today the 15-year Treasury bond is close to 2 percent. Thus, the source for great difference between the two unfunded liability calculations.
The rationale for issuing the POB is that the city’s pensions will earn better than the 4 percent assumed interest rate on the bond, and thus they will capture the arbitrage benefits. But that is a bet on both the bond market and the stock market, and not a certainty. The pensions remain valued as though they are risky and now the city has effectively put more risk on the balance sheet, all in the service of lessening the pain of rising annual contributions. The POB does not address the structural reasons for rising costs even if it gives the Council a temporary sense of budgetary relief.